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The purchasing of coffee was easy. The customer walked into the store and then picked up the bag of beans, then went on back to your house. There wasn't a lot of variation in taste and, frankly, there weren't many things you could think of over. It was straightforward... and boring. Specialty coffee is unique. You can buy coffee from many origin countries. There are coffees that come with a variety of fresh and interesting flavors. You can purchase organic beans, fair trade, direct trade, bird-friendly, light roasts arabica, washed-process, and washed-process. It's hard to tell if it's lots of things at times. Buying specialty coffee beans shouldn't be an overwhelming or confusing experience. It should be an enjoyable experience. In this definitive guide, we'll give you the complete information you need to know about coffee beans including... Why is specialty coffee so different It's amazing how medium, light and dark roasts taste more appealing than ever before Why coffee genetics matter How processing methods affect bean flavor (hint: it's striking) What coffee from different countries can be described as tasting like And many more Our aim is to give you all the knowledge you need to select the best beans that suit your tastes and lifestyle. Let's begin with the most important part that explains why specialty coffee is distinct... And even better. Always Search for Coffee that is Freshly Roasted Beans The coffee beans can be described as an agricultural item. They're the seeds of a variety of cherries that grows on a plant, and aren't manufactured in a warehouse somewhere. As with all food products that are grown in the field the coffee beans are most delicious when they're freshly brewed. At their peak freshness, which is just a few days after being baked, the sugars are sugary, the natural oils emit a vibrant aroma and the acidity is crisp and balanced, and there's very little bitterness. But the beans begin disintegrate quickly. The sugars go away, the oils are vaporized, the acids break down to bitter compounds, and the once-clear taste turns murky and unrecognizable. This loss of flavor and freshness may diminish the fullness of your coffee drink, which means it's less likely to truly appreciate your coffee and truly enjoy the moment. This is the general principal: coffee beans are not fresh until 2 weeks after being roasted. Pre-ground coffee? It's only 20-30 mins of maximum freshness before they start decaying rapidly. Here's a way to know how the beans are when you make the decision to buy beans: Don't be fooled by "best by" dates on bags. The dates are always months in the future which implies that the roaster's trying to make you think that the beans are in peak freshness for weeks, not months (hint it's not true).). Look for "roasted on" dates. Roasters who disclose the exact date the coffee was roasted , aren't afraid of being honest with you. This is the mark of a transparentand quality-driven roaster. THE 10 STAGES of ASTING COFFEE Expert roasters have determined 10 roast levels that beans could (but don't have to) undergo. The levels you go through will depend on you: Green They will retain their virgin green essence as they begin to heat. Yellow: The hue will change to yellowish and beans emit a grassy scent. Steam: Steam will rise from the beans. This is due to the water in the beans evaporating. First Crack (Cinnamon Roast): Here's where the real roasting begins. flavored coffee inside the beans become caramelized, and a cracking sound is heard, similar to an explosion of popcorn. City Roast: After the first crack The beans have reached City Roast, the minimum level of roast suitable for most grinding and brewing preferences. City Plus Roast: The further caramelization of sugars and the movement of oils, these beans expand in size . They reach City Plus Roast. This is a very well-loved and well-known level of roast. Full City Roast: Beyond the limits of City Plus is the Full City and is a darker roast that brings the beans right to the edge of a second cracking. Second Crack (Full City Plus Roast): The beans undergo another, more intense cracking process before they enter Full City Plus. The roast will unveil more layers of intenseness to the taste. Dark Roast (French Roast): The smoke will turn unpleasant, the sugars melt as fast as they can with out ruining the flavor of the beans, while the beans' entire structure will be broken down. This is the highest level of roasting within the limits of good flavor. Burn: In case you'ven't removed the roast by now then the smell could go from pungent to terrible and the beans will start to go through the fire. Where can I buy fresh roasted coffee beans in my area? Once I've shown you everything I know about buying specialty coffee beans it's time to tell you about the most reliable places to buy the beans. There are a couple of options. Cafes -- Specialty coffee shops typically include beans from their roasting partner that are available for purchase. The variety is usually small and sometimes they're not as fresh as what you'd expect to find. Direct from the roaster Most roasters are operating their own facilities from which they sell freshly espresso from. This is a fantastic way for you to make the most of freshness, but you're only limited to the source of your coffee from one roaster. Online purchasing beans online is a way to access an array of coffee origins and flavors which only a handful of roasters create. Unfortunately, only a few online shops offer roast-to-order coffee. Which is the ideal place to reap the benefits of freshness and diversity? Allow me to introduce you to the Leonine Coffee We buy our coffee beans directly from the top coffee farms in the world. Then we roast them the way craftsmen before shipping them directly to you within two hours so you're assured you're getting the freshest, most delicious coffee. It means that you'll receive the beans in the next two days following roasting which is likely to be fresher than what you'd find in the shelves of a coffee roaster's office or in a cafe. Many of our offerings have been Bird-Friendly certified or approved to be approved by Rainforest Alliance. Some of them are certified organic of certification as Fair Trade. Additionally, a number of them we have sourced using the direct trade model. Sustainably sourced Only specialty grade arabica beans Derived from all over the globe It was delivered to you that same the day they roast their