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The process of buying coffee was easy. The customer walked into the store to grab your standard bag of beans, then left for to the home. There wasn't a lot of variation in flavor and there weren't many things to consider it about. It was simple... and boring. Specialty coffee differs. You can buy coffee beans from a variety of countries. Coffee can be purchased with tons of new and diverse flavors. It is possible to buy organic coffee direct trade, fair trade lightweight roasts, bird-friendly Arabicica, washed Process--gaaah. It's like drinking some times. A purchase of specialty coffee beans shouldn't cause stress or confusion. It should be an exciting experience. In this definitive guide, we'll break down everything you have to know about coffee beans. This includes... Why specialty coffee is different How light, medium and dark roasts are tastier than ever before The coffee genetics are important. How processing methods affect the flavor of beans (hint: it's quite dramatic) What coffee from different countries can be described as tasting similar to and much more Our aim is to give you all the information you need in order to select the perfect beans to fit your tastes and coffee lifestyle. Let's dive in with the most important element to understand why specialty coffees are different... more and superior. Always try to find freshly roasted and freshly roasted Beans Agrarian products are coffee beans. They're the seeds of a tree that can be found on trees, but they're not made in a factory. Like all other agricultural crops coffee beans taste best when freshly brewed. At peak freshness, just couple of days after being roasting, the sweeteners are delicious, the natural oils give off vibrant scents and the acidity is crisp and balanced, and there's low bitterness. However, the beans start to degrade rapidly. The sugars go away, the oils disperse, the acids breakdown into bitter compounds, and the once-clear flavor gets muddy and hard to discern. This loss of freshness and flavor can reduce the flavor and quality of your coffee drink, and makes it harder to fully appreciate the coffee and truly enjoy the moment. This is the general rules: coffee beans are not fresh until 2 weeks after being roasted. Pre-ground coffee? These coffee grounds will last between 20 and 30 seconds of maximum freshness before they begin to decay rapidly. Here's how you know how fresh the beans are prior to you buy bags of beans: Avoid "best by" dates on bags. The dates are always months away that means the roaster is trying to make you think that the beans are in peak freshness for months, not weeks (hint that they aren't). Search for "roasted on" dates. Roasters that disclose exactly when the coffee was roasting aren't afraid to telling you the truth. This is a sign of a trustworthy, quality-oriented roaster. THE 10 STAGES OF ROASTING COFFEE The top roasters in the industry have selected the ten stages of roast beans may (but not necessarily must) traverse. cold brew coffee reach is up to your discretion: Green: The beans keep their fresh green essence as they begin to heat. Yellow This color is going to be yellowish, and the beans will emit a grassy odor. Steam The beans will be flooded with steam. This is the result from the water inside the beans being evaporated. The First Crack (Cinnamon Roast): This is where the actual roasting process begins. The sugars within the beans start to caramelize and a crackling sound is heard. It's like an explosion of popcorn. City Roast: After the first crack, the beans have achieved City Roast, the minimum quality roast that's acceptable for the majority of grinding and brewing tastes. City Plus Roast: After further caramelization of sugars as well as the move of oils, these beans expand in size . They then reach City Plus Roast. It is a very popular and common roast. Full City Roast: Beyond the boundaries in City Plus is the Full City which is a much darker roast that takes the beans all the way to cracking again. Second Crack (Full City Plus Roast): The beans undergo a second, more violent cracking, and then enter Full City Plus. This roast will expose more layers of intenseness to the taste. Black Roast (French Roast): Smoke will become strong, the sugars melt as fast as they can with out ruining the flavor of the beans, while the beans' structure will disintegrate. It is the very limit to roasting within the parameters of good flavor. If you'ven't ended roasting at this point the smell of the roast will change from unpleasant to horrid and the beans will start to go through the fire. Where can I purchase fresh roasted coffee beans near me? Now that I've taught the basics of buying specialty coffee beans, now is the time I'll share the best places you can find them. There are a couple of choices. Cafes -- Specialty coffee shops usually include beans from their roasting partner that are available for purchase. The variety is usually small and they may not be as fresh as is ideal. Direct From Roaster Most roasters operate their own facilities, which they sell freshly roasted coffee from. This is an effective way to maximize freshness, but you're still restricted to origins of the coffee that is sourced by a particular roaster. Online -- Buying beans online can open up an entire world of coffee origins and flavors that only a handful of roasters reach. Unfortunately, very few online shops offer roast-to-order coffee. What's the best location to enjoy both the benefits of diversity and freshness? Let me introduce you to the Leonine Coffee Our coffee beans come from the top coffee farms around the globe. Then we roast them just like craftsmen and deliver direct to the customer within 2 hours so you're assured you're getting the top quality coffee. This means that you receive the beans just 2-3 days after roasting, which is probably fresher than the ones you'd find on the shelves of a roaster's shop or cafe. Many of our offerings are Bird-Friendly certified or certified in accordance with Rainforest Alliance. A couple of them are certified organic or recognized Fair Trade. Also, many of them were have sourced using the direct trade model. Sustainably sourced Only specialty grade arabica beans From all over the globe Delivered to you on the same day that they had roasted